VNUHCM Journal of Economics, Business and Law http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm <p><span id="result_box" class="" lang="en"><span title="Tạp chí Phát triển Khoa học và Công nghệ (PTKH&amp;CN) của Đại học Quốc gia thành phố Hồ Chí Minh (ĐHQG-HCM) được thành lập từ năm 1997, ra số đầu tiên vào tháng 1 năm 1998. Từ năm 2006 Tạp chí đã"><strong>Science and Technology Development Journal</strong> (STDJ), Vietnam National University - Ho Chi Minh City (VNU-HCM) was established in 1997. And the first issue was published in January 1998 with </span><span title="đăng ký mã số chuẩn quốc tế ISSN 1859-0128.">ISSN 1859-0128. </span><span title="Từ đó cho đến nay, Tạp chí PTKH&amp;CN đã trở thành diễn đàn khoa học quan trọng nhất của đội ngũ cán bộ nghiên cứu, giảng viên, nghiên cứu sinh của ĐHQG-HCM và cũng là diễn đàn khoa học công nghệ đáng tin cậy của">Since then, STDJ has become the most important scientific forum of scientists from VNU-HCM as well as</span><span title="nhiều nhà nghiên cứu, giảng viên các trường đại học khác tại Việt Nam."> other universities. </span><span title="Tạp chí đã trải qua 20 năm phát triển và đã trở thành nhịp cầu giao lưu khoa học, cũng như làm phong phú tài liệu tham khảo cho đội ngũ giảng viên, nghiên cứu sinh, sinh viên ĐHQG-HCM nói riêng và các Trường đại">The magazine has undergone 20 years of development and has become a bridge for scientific exchanges, as well as enriching reference materials for the faculty, doctoral students, students of VNU-HCM in particular and other universities, institutes... </span></span></p> <p><span id="result_box" class="" lang="en"><span title="học phía Nam nói chung. "><br></span><span title="Tính đến hết năm 2016 Tạp chí đã xuất bản được 276 số với 2714 bài nghiên cứu của các nhà khoa học, cán bộ trong và ngoài ĐHQG-HCM trong 5 lĩnh vực nghiên cứu: Kỹ thuật và Công nghệ, Khoa học Tự nhiên,">By the end of 2016, the journal has published 276 issues with 2714 research articles in five areas of research: Engineering and Technology, Natural Sciences, </span><span title="Khoa học Xã hội và Nhân văn, Kinh tế luật và Khoa học Quản lý, Khoa học Trái đất và Môi trường tương ứng với 5 chuyên san chuyên ngành của Tạp chí.">Social Sciences and Humanities, Economics of Law and Management Sciences, Earth Sciences and Environment corresponding to 5 specialized journals of the Journal. </span></span></p> <p><span id="result_box" class="" lang="en"><span title="Tạp chí đã được phát hành tại các thư viện của các đơn vị thành viên của ĐHQG-HCM, các Sở Khoa học Công nghệ của các tỉnh thành trên cả nước và được Hội đồng học hàm Giáo sư Nhà nước đánh giá cao.">The magazine has been widely indexed in the various libraries at Vietnam. </span></span></p> Viet Nam National University Ho Chi Minh City en-US VNUHCM Journal of Economics, Business and Law 2588-1051 <p>Copyright The Author(s) 2018. This article is published with open access by Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam. This article is distributed under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0)</a> which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.&nbsp;</p> Digitalizing the container terminal to meet the demand of the stakeholders in the transportation supply chain: Technology acceptance model extended approach case study in ports group number 4, Vietnam http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1062 <p>Most of the world's port operators are aiming to adopt advanced technologies to survive and thrive in the context of the fourth industrial revolution and under the severe impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, container ports in the Southeast region are undergoing digital transformation. The study sheds light on whether the digitization of the service supply processes of these terminals meets the needs of the stakeholders in the transport supply chain. The study examines and analyzes the relationship between technology complexity and compatibility to the continuance to use of container terminals through an extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The study mainly uses quantitative methods with the analysis technique of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Survey subjects from 222 respondents are parties in the transport supply chain, including: shipping lines, forwarding companies, logistics service providers and trucking companies in the Southeast region. This study contributes to enriching and expanding the TAM model on container terminal digitization. Research results show that the compatibility and usefulness of the technology has a significant influence on the continuance to use of container terminals. Container terminal managers should consider developing technology and operating systems with the appropriate level of utility and compatibility and according to the needs of the stakeholders in the transport supply chain.</p> Hùng Thanh Nguyễn ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 6 4 press press 10.32508/stdjelm.v6i4.1062 title description none g The Forecasting export prospects based on sustainable growth – Empirical evidence in Vietnam http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1032 <p>In recent years, import and export activities have changed drastically, indicating that this role is important for Vietnam's economic growth and development. The purpose of this paper to assess the export development goals according to the sustainable growth model of Vietnam. Data was collected from the website of the General Statistics Office of Vietnam in the period from 1995 to 2020, using the ARIMA model, analytical results with Eviews and SAS software show that Vietnam's goods exports have achieved a sustainable growth target with a stable growth percentage of the export goods with high-tech and technical content, and the export proportion of these sectors is now up to 87% of the total. Specifically in the manufacturing industry, with top export value, accounting for 44%, machinery, transport vehicles and spare parts with export value are second, equivalent to 24%, export value of processed other goods ranked, 13%, the processed goods classified according to the fourth largest export value of 6%. The forecast results also show that this structure continues to be stable and increased with the forecast figure of up to 91.9% by 2030, especially the export of machinery, means of transport and spare parts by 2030 will increase to 33%.</p> Ngọc Diep Thị Nguyễn ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 6 4 press press 10.32508/stdjelm.v6i4.1032 title description none g A model-based approach for estimation of liquidity risk of joint-stock commercial banks in Vietnam http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1082 <p>The research attempts to identify the factors affecting liquidity risk of the joint-stock commercial banking system in Vietnam in the period 2008-2018. The research uses regression methods for panel data with a sample of 26 commercial banks, using secondary data collected from audited financial statements of commercial banks in Vietnam. The study performed FEM, REM, FGLS and D&amp;K regression estimations and model’s tests. Through the SGMM method for panel data, the results show the liquidity risk of the previous year (LIQR), the liquidity of commercial banks (LIQ), the variable of the loan/total assets ratio (LTA), the ratio of credit growth (CRD), external financing ratio (EFD), credit risk provision ratio (LLP) have a positive impact on credit risk. In addition, the research results have not found statistically significant evidence on the factors of economic growth, inflation, money supply, the financial crisis affecting the liquidity risk in the case of Vietnam. This suggests important policy implications for commercial banks and the State Bank of Vietnam to control liquidity risk and to ensure the stability for the commercial banks in Vietnam.</p> Chung Hoang Nguyen Thu Hồng Nguyễn Mẫn Tuyết Triệu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 6 4 press press 10.32508/stdjelm.v6i4.1082 title description none g Livelihood vulnerability and adaptability to the Covid-19 pandemic of households in Hiep Binh Phuoc ward, Thu Duc City http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1103 <p>This study used the survey data of 120 households in Hiep Binh Phuoc ward, Thu Duc City which is part of Ho Chi Minh City, to analyze the changes of living, livelihoods and income of the people during the social distancing period covering the 4th Covid-19 outbreak from June to September 2021. The research results show that, during the period, people were not allowed to go out, which provided positive effects to the household members in reducing expenditures on outdoor transportation and snacks expenditure , while also gaining more time for listening to music, watching movies, taking care of their own family members. However, most of the household's livelihoods were adversely affected by the suspension, the reduction of working hours and the switching to working from home or working online. More than 72% of survey households were cramped at home, subjected to stress and could not go to the hospital for regular health check-ups. The labor rate of surveyed households had reduced income: traders, workers, and self-employed accounting to 76%; 20% of the surveyed had unchanged income, mostly government officials, teachers and retirees; and only 4% of the laborers had an increase in income. After more than 120 days, households resume to usual mode when most people can already go out to start a new normal life with the Covid-19 pandemic. The results of the ordered logistic regression show that there are 5 variables affecting the adaptability of households to Covid-19 as follows: physical assets, financial assets, human assets, and housing status. The sign of the regression coefficients of all asset variables is positive, indicating that household's livelihood assets play an important role in overcoming difficulties while increasing the adaptability to Covid-19 in particular and other possible future shocks in general. The policy-making agencies should promote the self-reliance of households, encourage households to reorganize their livelihood activities. In addition, the local government needs to coordinate with the agencies to organize vocational training courses and skills for households, especially information technology applications for online working and the trend of industrial revolution 4.0.</p> Luân Đức Trần Nguyễn Thị Vân Tiên ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 6 4 press press 10.32508/stdjelm.v6i4.1103 title description none g Towards a research agenda for City-regions in Vietnam http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1064 <p>City-regional research in Vietnam is not new, yet the literature has been rather scattered and research gaps are perceptible. The current transitional context in spatial and socio-economic development planning in Vietnam presents new requirements for management and policy-making as well as a more comprehensive approach to city-regions - the urban form that has increasingly become the living and working reality of urban residents. The purpose of the article is to invite the attention of the scientific community towards the study of city-regions in the future. Through a systematic review of relevant contemporary studies; the article identifies three groups of current research ‘gaps’ from which four practical, output-focused research directions in the coming time are proposed: (1) research in association with the improvement of the legal framework for city-regions, (2) theoretical research to further clarify the understanding of city-regions in the specific conditions of Vietnam, (3) empirical research on city-regions given the availability of existing data as well as research methods that can be utilized when data availability is improved, (4) research on institutions and governance at the city-regional level. Hopefully with more active academic engagement, the city-regions will soon receive the recognition and attention worthy of their status as important socio-economic units in the urban system and the territorial development management system in Vietnam in the future.</p> Son Minh Le ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 6 4 press press 10.32508/stdjelm.v6i4.1064 title description none g Benefits of EVIPA for Vietnam: Perspective from national competitiveness http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1028 <p>This discussion paper aims to present the view on the possibility of benefits that Vietnam receives from the Vietnam - European Union Investment Protection Agreement (EVIPA). The paper opens by sketching an optimistic expectation of the benefits of EVIPA from recounting statements by experts and country administrators in the mainstream news. Next, the paper reflects the current situation of foreign direct investment (FDI) flows between the two sides through archived data; at the same time, it provides arguments to explain why FDI flows have not been able to increase significantly after EVIPA. However, attracting FDI is only a premise, benefiting from FDI is the key point. Using the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Index data in 2019 to compare the national competitiveness of Vietnam and 27 EU member states, the paper points out that Vietnam's national competitiveness is both low and the distance is too far from the EU. With too few FDI flows plus low national competitiveness, it is difficult for Vietnam to enjoy as many benefits from EVIPA as expected. The article emphasizes the awareness of the importance of enhancing national competitiveness in order to enhance absorption capacity, thus, Vietnam can benefit from EVIPA.</p> Hoàng Thanh Nguyễn ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-22 2022-11-22 6 4 press press 10.32508/stdjelm.v6i4.1028 title description none g