Science & Technology Development Journal: Economics- Law & Management http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm <p><span id="result_box" class="" lang="en"><span title="Tạp chí Phát triển Khoa học và Công nghệ (PTKH&amp;CN) của Đại học Quốc gia thành phố Hồ Chí Minh (ĐHQG-HCM) được thành lập từ năm 1997, ra số đầu tiên vào tháng 1 năm 1998. Từ năm 2006 Tạp chí đã"><strong>Science and Technology Development Journal</strong> (STDJ), Vietnam National University - Ho Chi Minh City (VNU-HCM) was established in 1997. And the first issue was published in January 1998 with </span><span title="đăng ký mã số chuẩn quốc tế ISSN 1859-0128.">ISSN 1859-0128. </span><span title="Từ đó cho đến nay, Tạp chí PTKH&amp;CN đã trở thành diễn đàn khoa học quan trọng nhất của đội ngũ cán bộ nghiên cứu, giảng viên, nghiên cứu sinh của ĐHQG-HCM và cũng là diễn đàn khoa học công nghệ đáng tin cậy của">Since then, STDJ has become the most important scientific forum of scientists from VNU-HCM as well as</span><span title="nhiều nhà nghiên cứu, giảng viên các trường đại học khác tại Việt Nam."> other universities. </span><span title="Tạp chí đã trải qua 20 năm phát triển và đã trở thành nhịp cầu giao lưu khoa học, cũng như làm phong phú tài liệu tham khảo cho đội ngũ giảng viên, nghiên cứu sinh, sinh viên ĐHQG-HCM nói riêng và các Trường đại">The magazine has undergone 20 years of development and has become a bridge for scientific exchanges, as well as enriching reference materials for the faculty, doctoral students, students of VNU-HCM in particular and other universities, institutes... </span></span></p> <p><span id="result_box" class="" lang="en"><span title="học phía Nam nói chung. "><br></span><span title="Tính đến hết năm 2016 Tạp chí đã xuất bản được 276 số với 2714 bài nghiên cứu của các nhà khoa học, cán bộ trong và ngoài ĐHQG-HCM trong 5 lĩnh vực nghiên cứu: Kỹ thuật và Công nghệ, Khoa học Tự nhiên,">By the end of 2016, the journal has published 276 issues with 2714 research articles in five areas of research: Engineering and Technology, Natural Sciences, </span><span title="Khoa học Xã hội và Nhân văn, Kinh tế luật và Khoa học Quản lý, Khoa học Trái đất và Môi trường tương ứng với 5 chuyên san chuyên ngành của Tạp chí.">Social Sciences and Humanities, Economics of Law and Management Sciences, Earth Sciences and Environment corresponding to 5 specialized journals of the Journal. </span></span></p> <p><span id="result_box" class="" lang="en"><span title="Tạp chí đã được phát hành tại các thư viện của các đơn vị thành viên của ĐHQG-HCM, các Sở Khoa học Công nghệ của các tỉnh thành trên cả nước và được Hội đồng học hàm Giáo sư Nhà nước đánh giá cao.">The magazine has been widely indexed in the various libraries at Vietnam. </span></span></p> Viet Nam National University Ho Chi Minh City en-US Science & Technology Development Journal: Economics- Law & Management 2588-1051 <p>Copyright The Author(s) 2018. This article is published with open access by Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam. This article is distributed under the terms of the&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0)</a> which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.&nbsp;</p> Enhancing access to clean water in Bu Dop district – Binh Phuoc province http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1204 <p>Safely access to clean water is the goal 6 of the millennium development goals (MDGs). Nowadays, 25% of the world's population does not have safe access to clean water. This situation is more serious in low-income countries. Being lack of the access to clean water affects not only the livelihoods but also the basic demands of the human being. Because of the high demand on researching about this topic, the article focuses on the status of using cleaning water in Bu Dop, a poor district of Binh Phuoc province during the period 2017 – 2021. The data were collected by surveying a sample of 160 households of four communes in the area that did not use clean water. Based on the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and logit regression model, the results of the analysis indicate that there are five variables impact people's intention to use fresh water are ethnicity; income; the awareness of the usefulness of clean water; the satisfaction with the price, and the availabilities of other water resources. Accordingly, the research proposes some solutions to enhance the possibilities to access the clean water in the Bu Dop district. These approaches are promulgating some policies to support and encourage local people in this area to use clean water and the specific policies for ethnic minorities; providing more information for improving the people's awareness and responsibility in using clean water; enhancing the management and operation of centralized water treatment system; attracting the ODA (Official Development Assistance) projects providing clean water for poor communes and encouraging the private sectors to participate in this issue.</p> Pham My Duyen Chi Thi Khanh Nguyen ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4745 4758 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1204 title description none g Impact of endogenous and exogenous factors on catches: A case study of Vietnam’s offshore fisheries http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1208 <p>The performance of fishing vessels is influenced by both endogenous and exogenous factors. This study aims to investigate the impact of these factors on the catch quantity of offshore gillnet vessels in Khanh Hoa, Vietnam, by estimating the harvest function using survey data from three fishing seasons (2008, 2013, and 2018). The study has revealed that endogenous factors, such as engine capacity, the number of nets, the number of fishing days, and variable costs, exhibit a positive impact on catches at the 1% level of significance. Among these factors, the number of nets has the highest effect on catches. Nevertheless, the effect coefficients are generally smaller compared to those observed in previous studies within the same area or on the same fishing grounds. Conversely, the coefficient estimate for the age of the vessel owner is negative, though statistically insignificant. Exogenous factors manifest varying effects on the quantity of catches. The research result found no discernible effect of fuel cost support, while the stock proxy exhibited a minor impact coefficient, and climate change awareness had a noteworthy impact on catch quantities at the 1% level of significance. The findings imply that offshore resources could be experiencing a growing scarcity. Additionally, as fishermen's awareness of climate change increases, they might be more inclined to adjust and manage its impacts. Moreover, it raises concerns about the long-term sustainability of open-access fisheries that rely on subsidies. The study suggests that fishing policies should focus on regulating offshore vessels' input factors to prevent the overuse of offshore resources. In addition, policies should support fishermen in adopting appropriate coping strategies when faced with climate change. Furthermore, subsidy policies that do not harm offshore resources should be promoted.</p> Duy Ngoc Nguyen ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4759 4771 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1208 title description none g Charity activities in Vietnam – Issues and recommendations http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1216 <p>Charity is always encouraged all over the world. This humanitarian behavior shows the human value between people and helps society become better, which is in line with the spirit of the thousands of generations of Vietnamese people: “lá lành dùm lá rách - the leaves protect the tattered ones”. However, besides the positive aspects achieved so far, this activity in recent years has shown many negative behaviors that distort the inherent good nature of charity activities. The violations of the law in charity activities stem from many different reasons, such as the fact that legal system governing charity in Vietnam is still incomplete and ineffective. The Vietnamese government has not yet enacted a law on charitable organizations; charity activities are mainly governed by sub-law documents such as government decrees (Decree No. 93/2021/ND-CP issued on October 27, 2021, on mobilizing, receiving, distributing, and using voluntary contributions to support overcoming difficulties caused by natural disasters, epidemics, and incidents; support patients with critical illnesses). Besides, the issue of social consciousness and the impacts of the economic and social context are also causes leading to many inadequacies in charity. In particular, during the period of the COVID -19 epidemic and after, many people took advantage of the difficult situation to illegally earn money from charity activities. The consequences of these illegal actions have affected the community's trust in philanthropists and charitable organizations. In this article, the authors are going to focus on analyzing the legal regulations on charity activities in Vietnam and some of the current issues that have taken place in the last 5 years. On the basis of theoretical analysis, situation analysis, and comparison with legal regulations in some countries around the world (such as Canada and Germany), this article will offer some solutions to strengthen legal regulations and improve their effective control over philanthropy in Vietnam.</p> Nhi Kieu Tran Tram Tran Bao Ho Ha Nguyen Quang Tran ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4772 4782 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1216 title description none g Environmental impacts on the perception of young generation toward the purchasing intention of green furniture in Ho Chi Minh City http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1233 <p>The article aims to investigate and research the environmental impacts from any perspective on the perception of the young generation who have the intention to purchase green products and green furniture, based on the fact that pollution and environmental damage are needed to be considered as vital issue, and the concern grows to a greater degree gradually. Therefore, this article focuses on exploring and examining various factors that could affect the focused customer class, which is the younger generation, in terms of the awareness and their personal attitude toward purchasing green furniture in order to obtain a more sustainable environment. Green furniture is one of the environmentally friendly green products products that can be produced and used without causing harm to the environment. The database is gathered from 241 advantageous survey respondents whose age falls into the range of young adulthood (from 18 to 35 years old), living and working in Ho Chi Minh City. Data analysis is performed by using Smart SPL4 with the partial least squares structural equation modeling method (PLS-SEM). From the conclusion of this survey, the following factors can affect the intention of young consumers in Ho Chi Minh City to purchase green furniture: environmental knowledge, products’ functional value, perceptive behavior control, and environmental responsibility. The results show that cognitive behavioral control has a relative effect on purchase intention; the environmental responsibility and environmental knowledge of young people in Ho Chi Minh City can impact on their consciousness about environmental issues and socio-ecological benefits, positively impacting their purchase intention towards green furniture and green products. The results provide valuable information about the impact of various factors on the purchasing intention of green furniture among young consumers in Ho Chi Minh City.</p> Tran Thi Huong Bao Trung ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4783 4793 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1233 title description none g The effects of perceived effectiveness of e-commerce institutional mechanisms on customer stickiness: The role of customer value co-creation in ota platforms in Viet Nam http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1234 <p>Information and communication technologies have been creating new consumption habits. Especially, after COVID-19 pandemic, online transactions become popular and using online travel agent platforms such as Booking.com, Agoda, Trip.com, Traveloka has also been a widespread practice for Vietnamese tourists. Actively participating in online travel agent platforms enables tourists to contribute their knowledge and expertise throughout the service process to co-create service value. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of perceived effectiveness of e-commerce institutional mechanisms on customer stickiness under the mediation role of customer value co-creation on e-commerce platforms. Based on service dominant logic, the proposed research model includes 9 constructs and 15 hypotheses that mainly focuses on the relationship among customer value co-creation, perceived effectiveness of e-commerce institutional mechanisms and customer stickiness. This model is validated by data collected from 258 Vietnamese tourists who used any online travel agent platform. The results show that: (1) customer value co-creation is influenced by perceived effectiveness of e-commerce institutional mechanisms, customer experience quality, customer perceived ease-of-use, customer-to-customer interaction quality and customer perceived service climate; (2) customer value co-creation influences customer stickiness, customer empowerment and customer perceived value. Factors in the validated model explain 52.8% of the variance of customer stickiness. This study contributes to the growing service research an empirical evidence which affirms the importance of perceived effectiveness of e-commerce institutional mechanisms for value co-creation and of value co-creation on customer stickiness in ecommerce services. It adds to the existing literature by proving that an institution-based trust lever like perceived effectiveness of e-commerce institutional mechanisms can initiate other resources to jointly lead to customer value co-creation on e-commerce platforms. Managers in the tourism field can use these results as references to develop solutions improving customer stickiness through fostering customer value co-creation.</p> Huynh Thi Minh Chau Nguyen Thi Truc My Tran Thi Tuyet Nguyen Manh Tuan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4794 4813 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1234 title description none g Application of machine learning in classification of overinvestment: Evidence from listed firms in Vietnam stock exchange market http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1269 <p>Studies have consistently demonstrated that both overinvestment and underinvestment exert adverse effects on the overall efficacy of business operations, showcasing the significance of understanding and addressing these phenomena in the realm of scholarly research. Therefore, in this study, we aim to develop an accurate machine-learning model to identify overinvestment in firms listed on the HSX and the HNX stock exchanges in Vietnam. We decided to conduct a comparison to identify the optimal model for classifying firms of overinvestment or not, including Logistic Regression, K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN), Naive Bayes (NB), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Decision Tree, and Random Forest. Using a sample of 658 non-financial listed companies in Vietnam between 2011 and 2021, our result shows that the most importance predictor variable is "FCF" (free cash flow), with an importance value of 0.14. Although both logistic regression and random forest (RD) algorithms demonstrate high accuracy in identifying firms with overinvestment, the Random Forest algorithm exhibits slightly higher precision and recall for class 1 (overinvestment firms) when compared to Logistic Regression. By contrast, the accuracy performance of the four models (NB, KNN, DT, and SVM) is low, ranging from 0.53 to 0.67. At the microeconomic level, this research can help businesses gain insights into their financial performance, identify areas for improvement, and take proactive measures to avoid financial distress and improve profitability by identifying potential cases of overinvestment. Overall, the study provides a valuable contribution to the field of financial analysis using machine learning techniques. We firmly believe that the findings of this research will serve as a significant scholarly reference for future investigations in the field and explore other importance predictors of overinvestment in Vietnam and other emerging markets.</p> Phan Huy Tam Ngo Dinh Linh Tram Nguyen Thi Ngoc Anh Nguyen Quoc Trong Nghia Hoang Thao Linh Trinh Van Thanh ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4814 4833 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1269 title description none g Affordable housing in Ho Chi Minh City: A demand analysis http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1274 <p>Affordable housing, targeting low- and mid-income households, has been emerging as a key concept in housing policy in a wide range of countries. Over the past several years, Ho Chi Minh City has also enacted policies so as to develop affordable housing for households. Although certain accomplishments have been progressed in developing affordable housing for inhabitants, this procedure also encounters various obstacles, namely an affordable housing supply shortage and low households’s ability to pay. The purpose of this study is to analyze housing market trends in HCMC, analyze housing supply, and identify barriers to the supply of housing for middle- and low-income households in HCMC. The analysis results show that: (1) the house price that households can afford has continuously increased; (2) the analysis results show that the Q3-Q4 income segments can afford housing in the range of VND 500 to 900 million. If 50% of the loan interest rate is subsidized, the affordability will increase by VND 200-300 million. Households in groups Q1 and Q2 that do not yet have land or housing face the greatest affordability shortfall. From these analysis results, further policy implications are recommended.</p> Tran Hung Son Ly Thi Ngoc Huynh Luu Bich Thu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4842 4851 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1274 title description none g The Factors influencing tourists' decision to participate in agritourism activities - A case study of Dalat city http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1276 <p>Agritourism is a topic that has attracted the attention of many scholars in recent years. This study analyzes the impact of factors affecting decision to participate in agritourism activities of tourists in Dalat city. The study was carried out on the basis of a survey of 180 tourists who are participating in agritourism activities in Dalat city and a linear regression model is used to analyze the impact relationship in the model. The study carried out descriptive statistical analysis, testing the reliability of the scale, exploratory factor analysis, and Pearson correlation analysis to test the research hypotheses proposed in this model. Finally, use the standardized regression coefficient to show the different levels of influence between each hypothesis to clarify the analytical content of the study. Research results show that all 6 factors such as Attraction of destination, Service price, Marketing, Travel motivation, Perception, and Reference group have a positive impact on tourists' decisions to participate in agritourism activities; the influence of six factors in order from the strongest influence to the weakest effect, specifically, the strongest effect is Perception factor, the second is the factor of Reference group. The third is Service price, the fourth is Marketing, the fifth is Attraction of destination and the factor with the weakest impact is Travel motivation. Moreover, the study also performed ANOVA test to see whether or not the difference of groups such as gender, age, occupation, education level, income affects decision to participate in agritourism activities of tourists. The results show that the higher level of education, the higher decision to participate in agritourism activities. This study offers theoretical and practical contributions to the research of agritourism in Dalat city.</p> Mai Thi Kieu Lan Nguyễn Thị Thanh Ngân Võ Minh Phương Nguyễn Thị Huỳnh Phượng Pham Quang Trieu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4852 4868 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1276 title description none g Do board characteristics affect the choices on capital structure of Vietnamese firms? http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1278 <p>Businesses play an important role in the economy of most countries. Businesses have a role in generating the output of the economy, in jobs and investments, and in contributing to the national budget. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the impact of corporate governance on the capital structure choice of real estate and construction companies listed on the Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi Stock Exchanges in the period 2007 - 2020. Using panel data regression methods such as Pooled OLS, FEM and REM, and at the same time evaluating the defects in the estimated model, if this occurs, the feasible generalized least squares (FGLS) is selected. In addition, the study evaluates the invariance of enterprises over time. The research results show that factors that do not affect the choice of capital structure are the size of the board of directors and the independence of the board of directors. At the same time, firm size and macro-economic factors such as economic growth (GDP) and consumer price index (CPI) have no influence on the choice of capital structure. The study also confirms that firms with high financial performance often prioritize the choice of equity structure, and an increase in female members in the Board of Directors affects the choice of equity structure in the enterprise while an increase in male members in the Board of Directors has a positive influence on debt choice in enterprises. Further, increasing the operational capacity of the Board of Directors helps the business receive more criticism and thus makes the enterprise more inclined to choose equity. The study also confirms that firms with high liquidity often seek equity financing, while firms with low liquidity often seek debt financing.</p> Chien Nguyen ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4869 4877 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1278 title description none g Factors affecting local people's participation in tourism activities http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1281 <p>Tourism development is the choice of many countries, provinces, and cities. Tourism has both taken advantage of local and available natural resources and built through investment. At many tourist sites, when developing tourism, the government has to recover and mobilize land from local people. Most of the land taken is agricultural land, so their occupations and livelihoods change significantly after tourism is invested. So when the industry changes and local tourism is invested, are local people willing to participate in tourism activities? The author conducted a survey of more than 140 households in the southern Red River tourism sub-region as a basis for research. The purpose of the study is to examine the factors affecting the participation of local people in tourism activities, such as tourism development policies, infrastructure, tourism potential, and long-term income. The research results show that all factors have a positive impact, with two factors, long-term income and tourism development potential, having the most positive impact on people's participation in tourism activities. Tourism infrastructure and tourism policy factors have the third and fourth largest impacts on people's willingness to participate in tourism. From there, local authorities and tourism businesses can consult to come up with appropriate solutions to attract workers to work at tourist destinations. Besides attracting local workers, it can also attract residents from neighboring areas to participate in tourism activities. In addition, the impact of tourism potential factors means that preserving and promoting sustainable tourism potential is also an issue that the government and people must pay attention to when developing tourism in the future.</p> Thuy Duyen Thi Dang ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4878 4886 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1281 title description none g Influence factors on job performance of healthcare personnel http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1282 <p>The demand for health care is increasing, and the services of periodic health checks of the people have become a necessity. Because of that, the pressure on medical staff, such as doctors or nurses, has also increased. However, there is no comprehensive study on the causes affecting the work performance of the care team's medical health. Therefore, the present study used the Conservation of resources theory (COR) and Organizational Role Theory (ORT) to examine the factors affecting employee job performance work in the medical field. The study uses a quantitative method by surveying 335 medical staff working in private and public hospitals or general clinics in Ho Chi Minh City, including doctors and nurses. Data analyzed via software Smart PLS 3.0. An outstanding study result showed that Job stress has a positive effect on the medical staff, helping them stay in control of their work and always bring the best care to patients. The study also confirmed the results of Organizational Support, Organizational Commitment, and Organizational justice on the Job performance of employees working in the health sector. The mutual influence of these prefixes was also confirmed experimentally by the study. With this result, medical facilities can better understand the importance of prefixes, especially pressure on work performance, thereby taking remedial measures to change and bring high performance to the organization.</p> Thua Thanh Le Nguyen Minh Ngoc ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4887 4900 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1282 title description none g Analyzing the production efficiency of meat goat farming and factors influencing the decision to expand the scale of meat goat farming in Ninh Phuoc district, Ninh Thuan province http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1284 <p>Raising meat goats is an activity that can bring high profits to the people in Ninh Thuan province. However, currently, the people in Ninh Thuan still face many obstacles in developing intensive meat goat farming. This research aims to determine the production efficiency and determinants of the decision to expand the scale of meat goat farming in Ninh Phuoc district, Ninh Thuan province. Data was collected by surveying 177 households raising meat goats fattening in the form of intensive farming in the three communes of Phuoc Thai, Phuoc Son, and Phuoc Hau of Ninh Phuoc district. The results of the analysis using descriptive statistics and Logit regression model show that: (1) Intensive confined meat goat farming brings relatively high economic efficiency; (2) There are 10 factors influencing the decision to expand investment in intensive confined meat goat farming by households in the following decreasing order: income expectation, market convenience, finance, participation in training, educational level, farming area, farming experience, selling price, current profit, and disease rate. Based on the analysis results, the study proposes key policy implications for expanding the scale of confined meat goat farming in Ninh Phuoc district, Ninh Thuan province, including policies on consumption, capital, disease prevention, improving labor capacity, and cost control measures.</p> Anh Ha Hoang Chuong Huy Dang ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4901 4913 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1284 title description none g Establishing a spin-off enterprise - Current status of law regulations and complete solutions http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1301 <p>Vietnam has many legal documents regulating legal issues related to science and technology (S&amp;T) enterprises in general, but technology start-up enterprises (spin-off enterprises) are still not specifically mentioned. This can be considered as one of the biggest barriers for the formation and development of the spin-off business model in Vietnam today. Within the scope of this article, the author analyzes the nature of technology-starting enterprises, analyzes the provisions of the current law related to determining the type of enterprise, contributed capital, personnel and relationships. The relationship between the Institute and the School of establishing a technology-starting enterprise with a technology-starting enterprise (This article only researches Institutes and Schools with scientific research activities funded by the state budget)... detects inadequacies and develops solutions to perfect the provisions of the law. The conclusion of the article is towards amending the Intellectual Property Law 2020, Law on Technology Transfer 2017, Law on Public Property Management 2017, Law on Enterprises 2022, with specific contents such as: (i) It should be noted that this is a non-commercial legal entity, a social enterprise; (ii) No compensation when the State transfers research results to Institutes and Universities; (iii) It is necessary to clearly identify the type of intellectual property when the State transfers the right to the Institute, whether or not it has been registered for protection of intellectual property rights; (iv) Noting the co-working mechanism of officials Institute, School and the role of executive management of spin-off businesses…</p> Yen Thi Hong Vu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4914 4923 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1301 title description none g Competence to regulate customers’ emotions, interaction behaviors with customers, and the mental well-being of frontline employees: a study of consulting services in Vietnam http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1314 <p>Frontline employees’ (FLEs) competence to regulate customers’ emotions is crucial for their task performance, which subsequently leads to better service value for customers. This study looks at how such competence affects FLEs’ relational and individualized interaction behaviors and the impacts of such behaviors on their job satisfaction and mental well-being. Data was gathered from a survey of 263 FLEs in Vietnam that provide consulting services, such as financial, legal, and IT consultation, and was then analyzed using structural equation modeling. The findings show that FLEs who are competent in regulating customers’ emotions are better able to engage in relational and individualized interaction behaviors, which in turn improves their job satisfaction and mental well-being. The study provides businesses with the basis for selecting FLEs with the right competencies for frontline roles and to offer FLEs the right forms of assistance.</p> Nguyen Van Tuan Pham Ngoc Tram Anh ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4924 4933 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1314 title description none g Factors affecting fish exports of Vietnam to APEC member countries http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1198 <p>The study was conducted to determine the factors affecting the seafood export turnover of Vietnam to APEC member countries. Collecting data on Vietnam's seafood export turnover to 17 APEC member economies in the period 2001-2020 from the International. Trade Statistical. Database - UN Comtrade and related data. The authors approach through gravity model (Gravity Model) and use 3 estimation models for panel data: least squares estimation model (Pooled OLS), fixed effect model (Fixed Effect Model). - FEM) and Random Effect Model (REM). In addition, the study al.so examined the lag of the model with the period of 1 year and 2 years. The fit tests will be used to select the most suitable model and correct the defects that the model may have. Research results GDP per capita of importing countries, Population of importing countries, Strength in shrimp products of Vietnam, Export of fish fillets of Vietnam, Geographical. distance are the factors that have an impact on exports. Vietnam's seafood exports to APEC member countries. The study al.so made a number of recommendations to build sustainable fisheries and promote Vietnam's seafood export activities to APEC member countries.</p> Nguyễn Thị Mai Duong The Duy Cù Thị Kiều My ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4934 4945 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1198 title description none g Personal antecedents of high potential entrepreneurship in Vietnam http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1260 <p>Over the past few years, Vietnam has witnessed a remarkable increase in entrepreneurial activities, leading to a surge in new business ventures. However, despite this rapid growth in entrepreneurship, there is a dearth of empirical evidence on the various types of entrepreneurial behavior and the factors influencing it in the context of Vietnam. To address this research gap, this study focuses on exploring the personal antecedents associated with cognitive propensity and personal endowments and their effects on high-potential entrepreneurship. Utilizing a pooled cross-section dataset from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitoring surveys in Vietnam conducted between 2013 and 2015, we investigate the relationship between the identified personal factors and high-potential entrepreneurial ventures. To assess our proposed hypotheses, we employ logit regression, a suitable statistical method for binary outcomes, to estimate the effects of independent variables on high-potential entrepreneurship. Our analysis results shed light on the factors driving high-potential entrepreneurial ventures. Notably, our findings reveal that entrepreneurs who exhibit sensitivity to business opportunities, possess a high level of education, possess previous start-up experience, or demonstrate fundraising capability are more likely to engage in high-potential entrepreneurial activities. On the other hand, we observed that the relationship between risk-taking propensity as well as start-up skills and high-potential entrepreneurship is not statistically significant. The outcomes of this investigation hold significant promise in advancing the field of entrepreneurship research, providing a foundation for future studies exploring the influence of personal determinants on high-potential ventures. By shedding light on the specific factors that drive high-potential entrepreneurship in Vietnam, this study contributes to a deeper understanding of the entrepreneurial landscape in the country and lays the groundwork for policy implications and further research endeavors.</p> Linh Tran My Hue Hong Trinh Hoang Cuong Huy Vo Thai ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4946 4960 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1260 title description none g The effect of urbanization on CO2 emissions in Vietnam - Approached by the autoresgressive distributed lag model (ARDL) http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1273 <p>This paper examines the effect of urbanization on CO2 emissions in Vietnam from 1986 to 2021. By applying the Autoregressive Distributed Lag model (ARDL) to co-aggregation, the study analyzes both short-run and long-term relationship between urbanization and emissions. The research is based on time series data collected from reputable organizations around the world (World Bank - WB, World Energy Analysis Agency - IEA). Two control variables, average GDP per capita and technological progress (measured through the total number of patent applications by residents and non-residents) are included in the analysis model. The results show that there is a cointegration relationship between the variables. Urbanization increases emissions in both the short and long term. In addition, GDP per capita and the number of patent registrations (representing the technological innovation variable) are found to change the degree of impact of urbanization on CO2 emissions in both the short and long run. Thereby, the findings provide implications in increasing the level of urbanization associated with sustainable economic development based on the application of green technology in the economy.</p> Quy Thi Nguyen Dao Ha Thi Thieu ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4969 4980 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1273 title description none g Macro factors affecting the decisions to use currency derivatives of Vietnam's import and export enterprises: A new approach from LASSO regression models http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1285 <p>The emergence of currency derivatives plays a particularly important role for import - export businesses in minimizing financial risks and ensuring profits from future purchase and sale contracts. Although currency transactions using this tool bring many benefits, it is also inevitable that some risks occur due to uncontrollable fluctuations in exchange rates, interest rates, inflation and foreign exchange reserves in international trading transactions for entrepreneurs. Therefore, the study is conducted with the objective of analyzing the macro factors affecting the decision to use currency derivatives of import-export enterprises in Vietnam. The study uses secondary data collected in the period 2015 - 2021 of 100 enterprises with import-export activities in Vietnam listed on stock exchanges. Applying the new regression model LASSO to analyze the rules, affecting the decision to use financial derivatives and compare with the results when using the S-GMM method. The main results show that all four main independent variables have a significant impact on the decision to use currency derivatives of Vietnamese import and export enterprises. These are all based on science as well as previous research. Specifically, among the four main independent variables, interest rates, inflation and exchange rates have a positive and significant impact on the decision to use currency derivatives of Vietnamese import and export enterprises; meanwhile, foreign exchange reserves have a negative impact on the decision to use currency derivatives of Vietnamese import and export enterprises. In conclusion, the research will make a major contribution to the correction of defects in the model through the LASSO regression model. After obtaining the research results, the study will provide management implications for businesses to make decisions about using the tool effectively with the least risk.</p> Nguyen Pham Minh Chau Nguyen Thi Thu Ha Le Ngoc Bao My Le Thai Nguyen Luong Huu Trien Nguyen Thi Ngoc Suong Trinh Minh Quy ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4981 4991 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1285 title description none g International tourists’ satisfaction towards online banking services in Ho Chi Minh City http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1302 <p>Online banking allows a user to conduct financial transactions via the Internet. Online banking is also known as Internet banking or web banking. Online banking offers customers almost every service traditionally available through a local branch, including deposits, transfers, and online bill payments. The goal of this research was to analyze international tourists’ satisfaction with online banking services in the context of Ho Chi Minh City. The paper explores international tourists’ satisfaction with efficient dimensions, responsiveness dimensions, system-available dimensions, privacy dimensions, fulfillment dimensions, compensation dimensions, and contact dimensions. The data were gathered from a sample of 176 international tourists to Ho Chi Minh City by utilizing a purposive sampling method and adopting a survey method comprised of a structured questionnaire. The findings of the research suggest that efficient dimensions, system availability dimensions, privacy dimensions, and fulfillment dimensions are the most essential aspects that significantly affect international tourists’ satisfaction with online banking services. The study also reports that responsiveness dimensions, compensation dimensions, and contact dimensions do not have a statistically significant impact on international tourists’ satisfaction. It has implications for bank service marketers regarding the effective design of service marketing strategies for enhancing international tourists’ satisfaction in the context of online banking services in Ho Chi Minh City.</p> Tai Tan Nguyen Ha Nam Khanh Giao ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4992 5004 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1302 title description none g Green finance: A solution towards green growth in Vietnam http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1272 <p>Vietnam is making efforts and commitments to sustainable development and minimizing the impacts of climate change. However, Vietnam's National Green Growth Strategy for the period 2011-2020 had not achieve the expected results. One of the reasons that can be seen is financial limitations for implementing projects, especially green projects. Green finance has been applied by many countries around the world. In Vietnam, the legal framework on green finance has also begun to be built, such as the "Scheme for pilot issuance of green bonds by local governments", "Scheme for developing green banks in Vietnam", Law on Environmental Protection 2020. However, this tool still seems not to be well considered, and there are still some barriers in Vietnam to promoting the role of green finance. Based on the analysis of several national and international literatures on green finance, this study has summarized and proposed some recommendations to support the development of the green financial system in Vietnam. The main solutions proposed to the Vietnamese Government (especially the role of the State Bank) include policies related to the legal framework, risk assessment, financial mobilization, and reasonable monetary and fiscal policies combined with new capital mobilization models and new technology (such as blockchain). The article also identifies challenges in implementing green finance in Vietnam in the coming time.</p> Nguyen Hong Quan Dung Tien Nguyen Minh Ba Nhat Le ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4834 4841 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1272 title description none g Applying the 5W-1H and 4M method to evaluate the content of analyzing the export business organization process: QSA approach http://stdjelm.scienceandtechnology.com.vn/index.php/stdjelm/article/view/1270 <p>The application and evaluation of the process of the implementating export business activities are mandatory requirements for students studying international business. Lecturers (instructors) can evaluate this requirement by evaluating the content of analysing the export business organization process of enterprises by students. The objective of these is to help students apply theory and practice to explain how to set up, organize, implement, and monitor and control operations; strategies, export business plans of enterprises. In addition, it also prepares the groundwork for the opportunity to find suitable jobs for students after graduation. On the other hand, how to evaluate the organization's export activities for students and lecturers is a big question that needs a clear method. So far, there has not been much literature regarding the method of evaluating the content of analyzing the export business organization process. In fact, there are many points of view to evaluate the above content. The article offers a new method that combines the 5W-1H (What, Who, When, Where, Why and How) and 4M (Men - people, Method - method, Machines - equipment, Materials - raw materials) to evaluate the analysis of export business organization processes as presented in practical reports written by students studying international business. The article utilizes the QSA (The qualitative secondary data analysis) approach, as well as the content analysis method and single case study. The implications of the article are twofold: firstly, it provides general guidelines to students on how to better analyze the content of export business organization processes, and secondly, it offers guidance to instructors on how to evaluate students' analyses of the same. Therefore, the use of the 5W1H and 4M methods creates consistency in analyzing the export business activities for both students, mentors, and reviewers for the graduation thesis of students.</p> Huy Quang Le ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 7 4 4961 4968 10.32508/stdjelm.v7i4.1270 title description none g